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Taxonomy, in its broadest definition, is the orderly classification of items presumed to have identifiable relationships or similarities.

Further, Taxonomy may refer to either a hierarchical classification of things, or the principles underlying the classification. Almost anything—animate objects, inanimate objects, places, and events—may be classified according to some taxonomic scheme.

Mathematically, a taxonomy is a tree structure of classifications for a given set of objects. At the top of this structure is a single classification—the root node—that applies to all objects. Nodes below this root are more specific classifications that apply to subsets of the total set of classified objects. So for instance in Carolus Linnaeus's Scientific classification of organisms, the root is the Organism (as this applies to all living things, it is implied rather than stated explicitly). Below this are the Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus, and Species, with various other ranks sometimes inserted.

In recent years taxonomic classification has gained support from molecular systematics, a branch of bioinformatics that employs the method of gene sequencing to construct phylogenetic trees.

 

 

(Kingdom) Animalia

(Phylum) Arthropoda Joint-foot invertebrates

(Class) Insecta Insects

(Order) Coleoptera Beetles

(Family) Lampyridae Fireflies

(Genus):
(Species):

Curtos 'Okinawa sujibotaru' 'Okinawana matamura'
Cyphonocerus
Drilaster
Ellychnia
Hotaria
Lampyris
Lucidina
Luciola - (Japanese fireflies)
Photinus - (common eastern firefly)
Photuris
Pristolycus
Pyractomena
Pyrocoelia
Stenocladius

 

 

 

Domain: Eukaryota

Kingdom: Animalia

    Subkingdom: Metazoa

Phylum: Arthropoda

    Subphylum: Hexapoda

Class: Insecta

    Subclass: Pterygota

    Infraclass: Neoptera

    Superorder: Endopterygota

Order: Coleoptera

    Suborder Polyphaga

    Infraorder Elateriformia

    Superfamily Cantharoidea

Family: Lampyridae

Genera:

    Curtos
    Cyphonocerus
    Drilaster
    Ellychnia
    Hotaria
    Lampyris
    Lucidina
    Luciola
    Photinus
    Photuris
    Pristolycus
    Pyractomena
    Pyrocoelia
    Stenocladius

 

 

 

 

 

 

      The Journal of Experimental Biology          High Wire - Stanford Research            American Association for the Advancement of Science
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